- GameStop’s valuation is at an all-time low
- Gross profit margins have been doing well
- Debt management is good
- I purchased it via selling a put option at 21.5 USD
- I valued it to be between 26 USD to 30 USD per share
How GameStop Caught My Eye As A Potential Cigar Butt Investing Play
It has been my habit to look around for investment opportunities on a regular basis.
Back in March 2017, I saw a high premium put option for this particular company called GameStop– 0.55% return for selling two days put option at the strike price of 21.5 USD. It was trading at around 24 USD back on 22 March 2017.
Of course, I decided to take a closer look at the company to assess if it is a good opportunity.
For those of you who have been following my blog for a while, you will know that selling options forms a core part of my overall investing strategy.
Brief Background On GameStop
GameStop is a video game speciality store from the United States and is headquartered in Grapevine, Texas. It operates over 7.600 stores throughout the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Europe– totalling across 14 countries.
It is a fortune 500 company– which means that its revenue is ranked in among the top 500 US companies.
They generate revenue from a few different sources– video games, collectables and technology– using different retail brand names such as GameStop, EB Games, Micromania, Spring Mobile, Simply Mac, Cricket Wireless and ThinkGeek.
At that point in time, from the outset, I know that retail stores are in a recession. In the country where I spent a lot of time, Singapore, many retail stores– even the iconic one such as John Little– closed their last store in December 2016 after 174 years in Singapore.
I already have the pre-assumption that a retail stock is bad.
However, decided to take a closer look.
During the most recent news release in 2017, GameStop gross margin expanded to a record rate of 35% and collectables sales achieved high-end revenue target growing 59.5%– helped by strong sales of Pokemon-related toys and apparel– to 494.1 Million for the year 2016. Video game sales were of course, weak– as I have had expected.
Looking at the year 2017, technology and collectables are expected to generate strong growth while the new hardware innovation in the video game category also looks promising.
This is the 2017 outlook provided by the management:
GameStop is providing the following guidance for fiscal 2017 (dollars in millions, except per share):
|Total Sales||-2.0% to +2.0%|
|Comparable Store Sales (excludes Tech Brands stores)||-5.0% to 0.0%|
|Depreciation & Amortization Expense||$150.0 to $160.0|
|Income Tax Rate||35.0% to 35.5%|
|Operating Margin||6.5% to 7.0%|
|Net Income||$320.0 to $354.0|
|Earnings Per Share (diluted)||$3.10 to $3.40|
|Capital Expenditures||$110.0 to $120.0|
|Technology Brands Operating Earnings||$120.0+|
Earnings per share guidance are calculated based on weighted average shares outstanding of 102,500,000.
In 2017, the Company anticipates that it will open approximately 35 new Collectibles stores globally and approximately 65 new Technology Brand stores. The Company also anticipates that it will close between 2% to 3% of its global store footprint.
Potential Dividend Machine?
They have been increasing their dividends paid to shareholders since 2014.
For a retail store like GameStop to consistently increase their dividends paid, their cashflow needed to be stable.
A further update to the above chart revealed that on 1 March 2017, GameStop’s board of directors approved a further 2.7% increase in its regular annual cash dividend from 1.48 USD to 1.52 USD per share.
The question is really about how much is the current payout ratio for them since 2014.
That will shed a little bit of light on how much of their cash flows are paid out as dividends and how much are retained as retained earnings– and whether their dividends payments are sustainable or not.
The payout ratio is basically the proportion of earnings that is paid out to shareholders as dividends.
GameStop Payout Ratio
While the payout ratio has been increasing well over the past 10 years, it is still below the 50% mark. That means that they are able to pay out, even more, dividends if they want to.
GameStop Dividend Yield
Here is the surprising thing…
As GameStop increase their dividends paid and their payout ratio, their dividend yield rises along with it.
That can only mean one thing.
That means that as they are paying more dividends, their share price is also decreasing. That is because dividend yield is the dividend of a company expressed as a percentage of their current share price.
As an investor, this situation is interesting because it signals cheap valuation. Quite a similar situation with my previous investment in Mobile Telesystems (NYSE: MBT).
The key for a retail company to survive is whether they have a manageable debt or are they using too much debt.
If a company uses too much debt, they might not be able to meet their debt obligations and default payment as a result.
Quick And Current Ratio
The current ratio is calculated by taking the company’s current assets and dividing it by its current liabilities.
From the chart above, you would notice that GameStop has a current ratio of 1.215– well above 1– which means that their current assets can cover their current liabilities well.
The quick ratio is calculated by taking cash, marketable securities and accounts receivable and divide it by its current liabilities. This is a more stringent test to analyse a company’s debt.
From the chart above, you would notice that GameStop has a quick ratio of 0.505– which is well below one. However, historically the ratio has been this way since 2010.
This means that although GameStop is able to cover their current liabilities well using their current assets, their debt management would be considered as good rather than superb– as they cannot pass the quick ratio test.
We have concluded that GameStop debt management is considered good. However, the key to sustainable managing debt well comes from their earnings.
In looking at whether a company has good earnings, a simple indicator I look at is their gross profit margins, Return on Assets and Return on Equity.
Gross profit margin is the proportion of money left over from revenues after accounting for the cost of goods sold.
Return on assets shows how profitable a company is as a percentage of their total assets. It is calculated by dividing the company’s annual earnings by its total assets.
Return on equity shows how profitable a company is as a percentage of their total equity. It is calculated by dividing the company’s annual earnings by its total equity.
GameStop Gross Profit Margin
Source: Y Charts
You notice that from the chart above, gross profit margin has been increasing from 2005 and as of January 2017, it is 34.96%.
Historically, it is a good sign for GameStop but comparatively, the industry standard ranges around 40% easily for gross profit margins.
GameStop ROA And ROE
Source: Y Charts
Similar with the gross profit margins, their ROA and ROE has been increasing these past few years –19.42% for ROE and 9.39% for ROA in 2016.
This is a good sign.
Rising Earnings Per Share
Another good sign in terms of profitability is that as gross profit margins, ROA and ROE increased, their earnings per share (EPS) increases along with it.
As their EPS increase, the company also continually buy back their shares which reduced their share outstanding to an all time low at 101.87 Million.
Cheap Valuation (1st Level Thinking)
If you look at the various metrics that I found to be relevant for GameStop valuation based on the above chart, their valuation looks cheap and is at an all time low.
Why Is It Cheap? (2nd Level Thinking)
Looking at the cheap valuation, many investors might be quick to jump in and label this as a value buy.
However, second level thinking requires us to ask deeper. Why is it cheap?
GameStop’s share price sank after a bad Q4 earnings that were reported on 24 March 2017 because they missed on revenue and gave a poor guidance.
The stock is cheap because the growth of sales is forecasted to slow down– as they plan to close 2-3% of their most unprofitable stores in 2017.
This will decrease their revenue but their margins might improve further in the long run.
Cigar Butt Investing
In cigar butt investing, the idea is that is we buy a stock at a very low price, there will usually be an opportunity for the investor to sell the stocks at a decent profit– even though the long-term performance of the stock might be bad.
The thing to take note is that whether the original “cheap” price is really cheap after all.
That is because a low valuation of a stock may prove to be expensive if the earnings of the business continue to fall.
With the knowledge that GameStop’s stock is cheap for a good reason. Investors do not see this stock as a growth stock but rather a matured and declining business that warrants a low valuation.
However, the current forward PE ratio of 6.7 based on 2017 guidance which yields a 7% dividend yield warrants a closer look as to whether this is a potential cigar butt investing play.
While GameStop’s sales might decrease a lot due to the drop in demand for video game purchase via retail stores, the drop will not be catastrophic as it will be offset by the increase in demand for collectables and technology products– in which they aim to open 35 and 65 new stores respectively.
I valued GameStop to be a buy and to be worth about 26 USD to 30 USD.
Disclosure: I am long on GME. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.
Disclaimer: The information provided is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be a personalised investment or financial advice.
Important: Please read my full disclaimer.
CHRIS LEE SUSANTO
Chris is the founder of Re-ThinkWealth. A blog that focuses on personal finance self-improvement, investments, and investor psychology.
Since early 2015, he manages money and invests it in Singapore and United States equities and options achieving above market return.
His investing strategy is using the core theory of inversion. Inversion meaning that in every investing idea, we have to scrutinise on why it would fail.
This will result in us being more conservative, and being conservative is the key to protecting and grow wealth in the long run.
He has two areas in his life that he is particularly passionate about – the first is making great investments through a robust analytical process, and the second is growing his family business at which manufactures Quality Retail Packaging for many food companies such as Bread Talk, Tous Le Jours and many more.
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